Science cannot control air pollution
Air pollution has a direct relationship with the death rate of Covid-19. According to scientists, with every one micro gram per cubic meter increase in particulate matter polluting, the death rate of Kovid 19 increases by 8 percent.
In a meaningful webinar organized by Climate Trends, all such information and data was revealed, were the subject of discussion was to put the role of science in the policymaking that ensures air quality in India.
The main participants of the webinar were Dr. Arvind Kumar of Lung Care Foundation, Dr. VM Mothghare, Joint Director (Air), Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, and Shloka Nath of India Climate Collaborative. All of them put forward the need and importance of viewing the air quality policy in the country through the prism of science.
Shloka Nath highlighted the lack of pollution data,
“4000 monitoring stations are needed to address the lack of data on air pollution in the country. And it will cost 10000 crore rupees to complete it. ” Further, proving the relevance of this expense in one way, Shloka said, “According to preliminary research, PM2.5 has a direct relationship with the death rate of Kovid 19. Therefore, detailed information about PM 2.5 is very important. “
Putting his stamp on it, Dr. Arvind Kumar said that,
“All the countries of the world have done the research to prove this, but the research done in Italy seems to be the most reliable. According to this, with every microgram per cubic meter increase in PM 2.5, the death rate of Kovid 19 is increased by 8 percent. ”
Dr. Kumar further gave encouraging information and said,
“The impact of the lockout caused by Kovid is obvious on the environment. Particularly because during this period, the condition of all the patients suffering from lung disease has improved. But this situation will not always be such that as pollution increases, the condition of these patients can worsen. ”
In this phase of Mahamari, Prof. SN Tripathi, Chairman of the Civil Engineering Department of IIT Kanpur, shared very important information while linking air pollution with public health. With the help of five research papers focused on the winds of Delhi, he proved that because air pollution is the cause of a major public health problem, the basis of policies governing it should be scientific rather than administrative.
Explaining the seriousness of the situation and the relevance of such research, Dr. VM Mothghare of Maharashtra Pollution Control Board said,
“Maharashtra makes a big contribution to the economy of the country. But at the same time, it also contributes to pollution. Accurate information on pollution helps in policy formulation, so we have entered into an agreement with IIT Kanpur under which low-cost sensor-based monitoring devices will be installed in Mumbai. This work will start from November 1 this year and the target of its completion is by May 31 next year. At the same time, we have also entered into agreements with the US EPA, America’s top environmental protection body, and institutions like Japan and MIT. With the help of this technological innovation, we will be able to know everything from the structure of the smallest factor of pollution to its source, and its impact on our health. ”
On the whole issue, Aarti Khosla, director of Climate Trends, said,
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“In the context of air pollution, this new research by IIT Kanpur is the first scientific initiative of its kind. It has detailed information about every source of pollution from vehicles to construction work. To understand the impact of pollution on public health in the country, such fine information is very important. Policymakers should have no reason to deny this information or not use it in policymaking. Now when this research shows us that there are elements like lead, chlorine, nickel in the Delhi air, then solutions like smog towers and smog guns are not only a waste of resources but also prove to be directionless. ”
Aarti refers to the Kovid epidemic, saying,
“The lockdown showed us how much better the environment can be if the sources of pollution are stopped. But lockdown is not a solution and cannot proceed with it. So now the Center and the State Governments will have to find municipal level options to reduce these emissions gradually by tightening the nuts on big emitters. ”
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Professor Tripathi, while giving detailed information on his research, says,
“We have published five papers in the recent past. The first paper talks about the oxidative potential of PM 2.5 and its effect on our health. Oxidative potential means that the strength of a pollutant particle, with the help of it, goes into our body and ruins the anti-oxidant we need. With the help of this paper, it proves that just mentioning the total amount of PM 2.5 is not enough. It is very important to understand its chemical composition. “